Livelihoods Improving for Gum Arabic Farmers in Sudan

North Kordofan, Sudan (January 8, 2014) — For Idris Abdullah, a gum arabic farmer from the village of Al Adiat Asharqia, the arrival of summer used to signal the time for his annual migration in search of alternative sources of income. This meant leaving his family and village behind for uncertain prospects and no guarantee of financial reward for his journey.

However, life has changed for Idris and his family because of the agricultural training and technical support he received from the Near East Foundation (NEF).

By employing new skills he learned from NEF trainings, Idris increased his sesame harvest from 2 to 5 sacks in previous years to 35 sacks this year. With the increase in production and profits from his crop, Idris is able to provide for his family without having to journey away from his village.

Idris also now provides financial backing to his village to help advance their collective efforts to protect the Acacia woodlands from fire, arbitrary cutting, and improper harvesting practices.

NEF offers workshops where hundreds of farmers like Idris have learned a variety of new skills to improve the management and sustainability of gum arabic-producing Acacia trees on which their livelihoods – and a substantial portion of the local economy in North Kordofan, Sudan – are based. A large part of the world’s supply of gum arabic, which is used in many everyday products such as soft drinks, comes from this region.

At the training workshops, farmers also learn new skills in other areas such as project and financial management. This is crucial to help them prepare to handle the increased revenue they may earn through better farming methods. We also share strategies on how to efficiently use micro-loan financing they may receive to support the planting of new crops.

NEF recently conducted four training workshops for over 425 members of Gum Arabic Producer Associations in Sudan. During the workshops, farmers gained knowledge and had the opportunity to see the impact of the project’s activities first hand through tours of local farms and communities where improved gum arabic management techniques have been put into practice.

With the success of farmers like Idris, word about the project and its benefits is spreading to neighboring villages. Local farmers are sharing the best practices they’ve learned to increase the quality and quantity of their harvest – and ultimately increase the market value.

Through this Near East Foundation initiative, more are more farmers like Idris have the ability to better provide for their families and contribute to the economic wellbeing of their communities, and to help protect the sustainability of the natural resources they depend upon for survival.

Learn more about NEF’s work in Sudan


The Near East Foundation is a U.S.-based international development NGO leading innovative social and economic change in the Middle East and Africa for nearly 100 years. Founded in 1915, NEF helps build more sustainable, prosperous, and inclusive communities through education, governance, and economic development initiatives. NEF field staff – all of them from the countries in which they work – partner with local organizations to implement grassroots solutions and to empower citizens through “knowledge, voice, and enterprise.” To learn more visit

Sign up to receive news and updates from Near East Foundation delivered to your inbox.

Thank you! Your message has been sent successfully!